Credit ratings agency Standard & Poor's (S&P) has said that oil prices remaining lower for longer will punish Russia's economy.
S&P slashed its forecasts for Russia's economic growth from -2.6 per cent to -3.6 per cent this year, and from 1.9 per cent to 0.3 per cent in 2016.
"The change reflects our expectations of a more prolonged weakness in domestic demand due to lower–and more volatile–oil prices, and tighter fiscal and monetary policies through end-2016, compared with our previous assumptions," Tatiana Lysenko, senior economist at S&P, said.
"We now anticipate a weakness in private consumption to extend into 2016, and an only marginal recovery in capital spending next year, helped by improved corporate profit margins and a slowdown in deleveraging."
Countries such as Russia, which rely on their oil exports, have struggled since crude began to slide. Oil prices fell from a peak of around $106 per barrel in June 2014, and are currently hovering at about $50 per barrel.