Thursday 25 July 2019 7:40 am

Let's Play: How Youtubers are making millions playing video games

For the past decade, largely unnoticed by traditional media, scores of YouTubers have been racking up millions of views by posting videos of themselves playing video games.

These videos, called Let’s Plays, occupy a niche position in the new online ecosystem. Let’s Players aren’t competitive gamers; in fact, they’re often pretty hopeless at video games. The point isn’t to display your skills, but to entertain – to create comedy through incompetence, or to inspire the slow-burn thrill of vicarious achievement by completing a particularly challenging level.

Let’s Play is an impressively diverse genre, encompassing long-form play-throughs of difficult titles, highly edited bite-sized clips (typically of comedy and horror games), and a slew of miscellaneous and unclassifiable videos. Let’s Players often branch out into different video-forms, and innovation is rewarded. One channel, Funhaus, made a name for themselves by playing obscure and poorly-made games. Other creators make music videos – or, as British YouTuber KSI did last year, compete in boxing matches against other online celebrities.

Belying their seemingly parochial audience of YouTube and gaming enthusiasts, Let’s Plays are astonishingly popular, sometimes bewilderingly so. A moderately successful channel can be a full-time job, and entire companies (like the Texas-based Achievement Hunter) exist just to produce Let’s Play content. Prominent channels can receive more views than even the most watched television shows, which is as much a sign of the success of YouTube as it is a portent for traditional media. A particularly lurid illustration of this can be seen in the 206m views that the most-viewed video by PewDiePie, YouTube’s most subscribed-to Let’s Player, has received. By contrast, an estimated 40m people tuned in to the series premiere of the new season of Stranger Things.

“The popularity of Let’s Plays is mostly down to the fact that a lot of people now watch YouTube instead of traditional programming,” says Gav Murphy, one third of the Let’s Play crew RKG. “But our audience also loves seeing the friendship, camaraderie and humour that comes from us playing together. We take the piss and try and make each other laugh but we also support each other, and talk personally with our audience.”

The most popular creators can become eye-poppingly wealthy, especially once sponsors catch on

Unsurprisingly for such a popular medium, Let’s Plays can be highly profitable. RKG make over £25,000 a month through the crowdfunding website Patreon, an amount that persuaded the trio to quit their day jobs and pursue it full-time. YouTube funding is less straightforward, but the most popular creators can become eye-poppingly wealthy, especially once sponsors catch on. PewDiePie is worth somewhere between $35 and $50m; Markiplier, only the 53rd most-subscribed YouTuber, has around $24m to his name.

Despite being broadly embraced by the gaming community, some in the industry have argued that Let’s Plays are having a deleterious effect on the quality of new titles. Games like Goat Simulator and I Am Bread have been derided for being ‘YouTube-bait’ – gimmicky and carelessly made games designed specifically for the Let’s Play format, and boosted into undeserved popularity by being featured on prominent channels.

Murphy acknowledges this, but points out that Let’s Plays can also be a valuable support for smart indie games that might otherwise be ignored. Plus, gamers aren’t stupid: “They can tell when they’re being pandered to, and know when a game is actually good. For every I Am Bread there’s a million rubbish titles that go unnoticed.”

Let’s Plays are easily scorned, and some content can make for pretty grim viewing if you aren’t a teenager, but YouTube isn’t going anywhere anytime soon. Plus, their appeal may be more universal than it initially appears. A common feature of new cultural forms is that they function as an extension of one’s social life, allowing viewers to feel like involved members of a community, rather than passive consumers.

More and more, this desire for interactivity is insinuating itself into traditional media. Observe the popularity of Gogglebox, for instance. Let’s Plays offer a level of contact – of intimacy, even – that is absent from film or television. As Murphy puts it, “We’re in immediate contact with our audience. It’s about the personalities behind the Let’s Plays.”