The Bank of England predicted today that a deal remains the most likely Brexit outcome, despite ongoing uncertainty around UK and EU negotiations.
“I still think it’s the most likely outcome, but obviously over time, every day there are headlines – positive, negative – which will send the currency in particular one direction or the other,” deputy governor Ben Broadbent told CNBC.
“But for our part we have to make a particular assumption on which to condition our forecasts, that seems to me still to be the most likely outcome and that’s the one we choose.”
His comments come after former education minister Justine Greening said this morning that parliament would reject Theresa May's Chequers deal.
Meanwhile, the Prime Minister suffered a setback after the EU reportedly rejected her proposal that the UK can decide to quit a so-called backstop agreement on the Irish border that would put the whole of the UK into a temporary customs union with the EU.
In the event of a positive Brexit deal, Broadbent predicted businesses would begin to invest more after relatively weak spending since the referendum.
“If we get a good deal, a good transition, I think we can expect to see investment spending pick up, domestic demand growth pick up,” he said. “On the other hand, sterling presumably would also be stronger, and those act in different directions on inflation.”
However, the Bank predicts that the UK economy’s growth will slow in the fourth quarter, though there are signs that pay pressure is gradually building.
"The signs are we'll have somewhat weaker growth in the fourth quarter," Broadbent said.
But the BoE said pay pressure has been increasing, according to business surveys the Bank has conducted as well as official figures.
Wage growth hit its fastest rate since before the financial crisis in the three months to the end of August, the Office for National Statistics revealed last month, after a 40-year unemployment low helped push wages up.
“In terms of inflationary pressure we are seeing some signs of that domestically now,” Broadbent said.
The Bank monetary policy committee decided to hold interest rates at 0.75 per cent at the start of the month, in light of Brexit uncertainty, and Broadbent attempted to reassure businesses and households that rates were not going to rise quickly.
While the Bank has predicted “limited and gradual” interest rate increases, Broadbent said this wouldn’t necessarily come in the form of one rate hike a year.
A smooth transition to life outside the EU may mean that the Bank tightens monetary policy over the next three years to cut inflation to a two per cent target.
“We will do whatever we think we have to do to meet the remit,” Broadbent said. “The point of that box was to say that unfortunately either having a deal or not having a deal is not definitive in terms of the behaviour of interest rates.”