US senators and Trump administration officials have reached an agreement on a massive economic stimulus bill to alleviate the economic impact of the coronavirus outbreak, the negotiators said today.
The Senate will vote on the $2 trillion (£1.69 trillion) package later in the day and the House of Representatives is expected to follow suit soon after.
“This is a wartime level of investment into our nation,” Republican Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell said in a speech announcing the pact after days of negotiations between Republican and Democratic lawmakers, Treasury secretary Steven Mnuchin and other top aides to President Donald Trump.
“We’re going to pass this legislation later today,” McConnell said.
Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer called the measure “the largest rescue package in American history”, describing it as a “Marshall Plan” for hospitals and medical needs, in a reference to the US-funded program that helped rebuild Europe after World War Two.
“Help is on the way, big help and quick help,” Schumer said.
The text of the pact was not due to be available until later on Wednesday.
What will the package do?
McConnell said the coronavirus stimulus package would rush checks to help Americans pay bills during job layoffs related to the outbreak, expand unemployment insurance and deliver emergency loans to small businesses.
It would also “stabilise key national industries” and provide financial help for hospitals and healthcare providers struggling to get equipment for sick patients, he added.
The stimulus package had been expected to boost the economy with a massive infusion of aid, including a $500bn fund to help hard-hit industries with loans and a comparable amount for direct payments of up to $3,000 to millions of US families.
Other provisions are expected to include $350bn for small-business loans and $250bn for expanded unemployment aid.
Schumer said the coronavirus stimulus package also included $100bn for hospitals and health systems, along with additional money for other health care needs.
Another $150bn would go to help state and local governments fight the outbreak.
Schumer said Democrats won strict oversight rules for the hundreds of billions of dollars in loans on offer to US industries.
Trump businesses won’t receive loans
One provision, according to a Schumer aide, would bar businesses controlled by real estate mogul Trump and his family, Vice President Mike Pence, members of Congress and heads of executive branch departments from receiving loans or investments from Treasury Department programmes.
The global coronavirus pandemic has killed more than 660 people in the United States and sickened more than 50,000, shuttered thousands of businesses, thrown millions out of work and led states to order 100m people – nearly a third of the population – to stay at home.
The money at stake in the stimulus legislation exceeds the amount the United States spends on national defence, scientific research, highway construction and other discretionary programs, combined.
Coronavirus stimulus will strengthen Fed lending
On Tuesday, top White House economic adviser Larry Kudlow said the $2 trillion stimulus bill would work in tandem with $4 trillion in bolstered lending power from the Federal Reserve.
Investors had welcomed news that agreement on the package was near. Wall Street bounced back on Tuesday from three-year lows on word the negotiators were close to a deal.
Trump, who is campaigning for re-election on 3 November, has said he wants Americans to return to work more quickly than many medical experts had advised. On Tuesday, he set a target of the 12 April Easter holiday, which would ease a public health clampdown intended to slow spread of the virus.
To become law, the stimulus deal must pass the Senate, where Republicans hold a slim majority, and the House of Representatives, which is led by Democrats, and then be signed by the Republican president.
Mnuchin told reporters after the agreement was announced that Trump “absolutely” would sign it if it passed Congress.
The package “is going to be very important to help American workers, American businesses and people across America,” he added.
Mnuchin urged House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to quickly schedule a vote on the measure once it clears the Senate. Aides to Pelosi, the top Democrat in Congress, did not immediately respond to a request for comment when the deal was announced well after midnight.