Wall Street rose on Thursday with hopes that the Federal Reserve may soon take it easier on its hikes to interest rates.
The S&P 500 rallied 1 per cent after a suite of reports painted a picture of a split US economy.
The job market remains solid, but manufacturing is weakening and retailers are seeing shoppers under pressure.
Altogether, investors saw the data pushing the Fed toward not hiking rates at its meeting in two weeks, which would be the first time that has happened in more than a year.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average gained 153 points, or 0.5%, while the Nasdaq composite led the market with a 1.3% jump.
It is full of technology companies and other high-growth stocks that tend to benefit most from lower rates.
But that was what Wall Street expected, and only a trip-up for the deal before it gets signed by President Joe Biden would likely cause big waves for stocks.
Investors are more concerned about whether the economy will fall into a recession before inflation recedes enough to convince the Federal Reserve to take it easier on interest rates.
Reports on Thursday gave a clouded view. One said that fewer workers applied for unemployment benefits last week than expected, while another suggested employers increased their payrolls last month by more than forecast.
That is good news for workers and the overall economy, which has been slowing under the weight of much higher interest rates.
But a strong job market could also keep pressure up on inflation, pushing the Fed to keep rates high.
On the flip side, manufacturing is continuing to get hit hard, in part by higher interest rates.
A report from the Institute for Supply Management said manufacturing shrank for a seventh straight month in May. The contraction was worse than both the prior month and what economists expected.
Following the reports, traders were largely betting on the Fed to hold rates steady at its next meeting in two weeks.
That is something a Fed official a day earlier hinted may happen, though Fed governor Philip Jefferson also said that would not necessarily mean the end of hikes.
After that, traders are split on whether the Fed will follow up with another hike to rates at its next meeting in July.
That is key because high rates work to lower inflation by slowing the economy and hurting prices for stocks and other investments.
Tech and other high-growth stocks tend to get hit hardest by higher rates, and hopes for a pause in rises had several big tech companies leading the way on Wall Street.
Apple, Microsoft and Amazon all rose at least 1.3%. Their movements carry extra weight on the S&P 500 because they are some of the most valuable on Wall Street.
A report on Friday could further sway the Fed and its chairman, Jerome Powell. It is the US government’s comprehensive report on the job market.
For as much as Wall Street hopes the end to rate hikes is near, it may be getting ahead of itself, said JJ Kinahan, chief executive of IG North America.
“The market’s been like a spoiled child,” he said.
“Every six weeks, it stamps its feet and says, ‘Not this time’, and every time, Powell says, ‘We’re going to continue to do this’, and the market says, ‘I can’t believe they did this’.”
So far, the economy has held up despite a long list of worries because of a still-strong job market and resilient spending by consumers. But reports from several retailers suggested shoppers are feeling more pressure.
Dollar General dropped 19.5% after it reported weaker profit and revenue for the latest quarter than analysts expected.
It said the economic environment has been more challenging than it expected, and it cut its financial forecasts for the full year. It tends to cater to lower income households.
Macy’s, which also owns Bloomingdale’s stores, rose 1.2% after reporting better-than-expected profit but weaker revenue than forecast. It also slashed expectations for the year and said shoppers began to pull back starting in March.
Some of the enthusiasm surrounding Wall Street’s recent frenzy around artificial intelligence also cooled.
C3.ai gave a forecast for revenue this upcoming fiscal year that failed to wow Wall Street like Nvidia’s did last week. C3.ai tumbled 13.2%, though it is still up 210% so far this year. Nvidia rose 5.1%.
Also on the winning end was Hormel Foods, which rose 5.1% after reporting stronger profit for the latest quarter than expected. Its brands include Skippy, Spam and Applegate meats.
All told, the S&P 500 rose 41.19 points to 4,221.02. The Dow gained 153.30 to 33,061.57, and the Nasdaq jumped 165.70 to 13,100.98
In the bond market, the yield on the 10-year Treasury fell to 3.59% from 3.65% late Wednesday. It helps set rates for mortgages and other loans that influence the economy’s strength.
The two-year Treasury yield, which moves more on expectations for the Fed, fell to 4.32% from 4.40%.