Wall Street rose on Thursday after a blizzard of reports suggested the US economy is still humming, though inflation may be too.
The S&P 500 climbed 0.8 per cent for its best day in two weeks.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rallied 331 points, or 1 per cent , and the Nasdaq composite added 0.8 per cent .
Some of the strongest action was in the bond market, where Treasury yields swung up and down several times.
While the reports bolstered hopes the US economy will avoid a deep recession, the strength underlying them could also add upward pressure on inflation.
One report said US shoppers spent more at retailers last month than economists expected.
Such spending has been a linchpin for the economy, but it could also encourage retailers to keep trying to raise prices further.
The strong spending is a result of a remarkably resilient job market, which has withstood a steep jump in interest rates.
A separate report on Thursday morning said fewer workers applied for unemployment benefits last week than expected, which implies the number of layoffs remains low.
A third report said prices getting paid at the wholesale level rose more last month than economists expected.
That could be a discouraging signal for households if the higher-than-expected inflation gets passed on to shoppers at the consumer level.
To try to get inflation back down to its 2 per cent target, the Federal Reserve has been increasing interest rates sharply since early last year.
The hope on Wall Street is that a slowdown in inflation since last summer means the Fed is done with its rate hikes, which slow the economy and hurt investment prices.
Treasury yields initially jumped following Thursday’s reports on fears they could push the Fed to raise rates again or at least to keep rates higher for longer.
But economists pointed out much of last month’s acceleration in wholesale inflation was due to higher fuel prices, which can shift direction sharply and quickly.
Ignoring those and other particularly volatile prices, underlying inflation trends in Thursday’s report were closer to economists’ expectations.
That echoed a report from a day earlier on inflation at the consumer level, which showed overall inflation accelerated to 3.7 per cent in August largely because of a leap in fuel prices.
After a few swings up and down through the day, the yield on the 10-year Treasury rose to 4.28 per cent , up from 4.25 per cent from late on Wednesday.
The two-year Treasury yield, which more closely tracks expectations for the Fed, also bounced around following the reports, only to end with just a modest move for the day.
It rose to 4.99 per cent from 4.98 per cent late on Wednesday.
Traders pared back expectations for the Fed to raise rates again some time this year, though they are still betting on a roughly 40 per cent chance of that, according to data from CME Group.
Hopes that the Fed may be done hiking rates may be overdone, warned Mike Loewengart, head of model portfolio construction at Morgan Stanley Global Investment Office.
“The Fed is still likely to remain on hold next week, but if the economy continues to surprise to the upside, all bets are off as to what they’ll do after their final two policy meetings of the year,” he said.
The strong welcome could be an encouraging signal for the IPO market, which has slowed since the stock market began tumbling early last year on fears about higher interest rates.
Stocks of energy producers also rose, thanks to another rally for oil prices.
Crude has been climbing for months as oil-producing countries try to support its price by curtailing their supplies.
A barrel of US crude rose back above 90 dollars, helping ExxonMobil to climb 1.8 per cent and Marathon Oil to rise 2.9 per cent .
Hewlett Packard slumped 1.8 per cent after Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway revealed it trimmed its stake in the personal computer and printer company.
Berkshire still owns 115.5 million shares in HP after selling 5.5 million earlier this week.
Delta Air Lines, meanwhile, became the latest airline to cut its profit forecast because of higher costs.
It said higher-than-expected costs for fuel and maintenance are cutting into its earnings, and its stock slipped 0.6 per cent .
All told, the S&P 500 gained 37.66 points to 4,505.10. The Dow rose 331.58 to 34,907.11, and the Nasdaq climbed 112.47 to 13,926.05.
In stock markets abroad, indexes rose in Europe after the European Central Bank raised its key interest rate to a record high but also made statements seen as hinting that it will not raise rates again for a while.
The hike is supposed to help undercut inflation among the countries that use the euro currency, but it adds pressure to an economy already seen as at risk for a recession.
France’s CAC 40 rose 1.2 per cent , and Germany’s DAX returned 1 per cent .
Indexes also climbed across much of Asia, with Japan’s Nikkei 225 up 1.4 per cent .
Press Association – Stan Choe, Associated Press