Industrial output rose 0.4 per cent on the month after October's 0.1 per cent decline.
However, that was a smaller rebound than the 0.6 per cent analysts had expected. Annual industrial output growth slowed to 3.3 per cent from 3.5 per cent in October.
Manufacturing output grew slightly faster than forecast, matching October's monthly rate of 0.6 per cent which was the strongest since March.
The strong manufacturing figures chime with recent industry surveys showing growth in the sector at a 16-year high at the end of 2010, and will not alter expectations the Bank of England will keep interest rates at a record low of 0.5 per cent.
Recent strong price data, however, has raised expectations that a UK rate rise is possible before the summer, and markets have shifted to price in two quarter-point rate hikes by the end of the year.
The ONS figures showed that oil and gas output fell for a second consecutive month, dropping 0.7 per cent. On the year, output in the sector was down 8.8 per cent, its biggest annual drop since July.
Within manufacturing, car production was up strongly in line with the big increase in car exports shown in Wednesday's November trade data.