On 18 September this year, Scottish people will vote on whether or not they want to remain in the United Kingdom.
If they decide to leave, what do the statistics tell us about how the UK's economic, demographic and social standing will be affected? And how will it change the UK's position in Europe?
The UK would lose eight per cent of its population if Scotland chose to leave, going down from 64m to 59m.
At the European level, this would be enough to shift the UK from fourth position to fifth position, just behind Italy which has a population of 60m. It would still fall significantly behind Germany, however, which has considerably the largest population in Europe at 82m.
An exit would lead to a loss of 32 per cent of the UK's land, leaving behind a nation similar in size to Greece or Tunisia.
The fact that the loss of land would exceed the loss of population means that the population density would increase, moving the UK from the position of 45th most densely populated nation in the world to 29th most densely populated nation in the world.
In terms of Europe, it would remain the fourth most densely populated nation, but it wouldn't be far off usurping Belgium for third place.
After England, Scotland is currently the biggest exporter from the UK, according to the Office for National Statistics. Scottish exports are worth £16.9bn of the UK's total of £235.8bn, which means if Scotland left, the UK would lose 7.1 per cent of total exports.
However, in terms of GDP per head, there would be a slight increase from £21,287 to £21,404. This means that each person would contribute around £177 more to the economy each year.
Both women and men would experience a slight increase in life expectancy in the event of a Scottish exit. The average woman would live for 0.3 years longer, while the average man would live for an additional 0.4 years.
In the context of Europe, the UK would still sit firmly between the highest and lowest average life expectancies. Men can expect to live the shortest lives in Lithuania, where the average life length is 68 years, whereas the men in Iceland live for the longest at an average of 82 years.
Women have the longest average life expectancy in Spain, where it is 86 years. The lowest for women is in Macedonia, where it is 77.