Six Nations: Calcutta Cup and Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy up for grabs
The Six Nations is more than just a competition, it’s a series of rivalries between a number of rugby-playing nations. This weekend sees the Calcutta Cup and Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy up for grabs.
There are a total of nine gongs to be won and Scotland go into each tournament with hopes of securing seven of them – which is ironic given they haven’t won the title in the Six Nations era.
Here are the nine pieces of silverware up for grabs, the year they were first played for and who currently holds the title ahead of their respective battles in 2023.
The Championship Trophy is presented to the winners of the Six Nations each year. It was the brainchild of the Earl of Westmorland and handed out for the first time in 1993.
It is sterling silver and has 15 panels – representing 15 players – and three handles – to represent the three on-field officials.
A newer version of the gong was introduced in 2015.
France hold this trophy at the moment having won the Championship in 2022.
The Triple Crown is contested between the four home nations and is won when a nation beats the other three inside a single Championship.
The idea of the Triple Crown goes back to the original Four Nations but a trophy has been in place since 2006.
Ireland won it in 2022, matching Wales in winning the trophy four times. England have won it three times.
The Calcutta Cup is contested in the Six Nations between England and Scotland and represents the oldest international rugby trophy in the world.
It has been fought over since 1879, over a century longer than the next oldest rivalry trophy, and is made from melted-down donated rupees.
England are out in front with the most Calcutta Cup wins but Scotland have dominated the contest lately.
Formed in 1988, the Millennium Trophy is awarded after each match between England and Ireland.
The trophy was first fought over on the millennium anniversary of Dublin’s existence and England have won it more times.
Ireland, however, have won it in the past two Championships.
Celtic roots run through the Centenary Quaich given it’s the winning trophy for clashes between Ireland and Scotland.
Ireland have won the trophy the most in this fixture since its inception in 1989.
A quaich is a Gaelic drinking beaker.
Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy
The Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy was the first addition in this century and is awarded after matches between Italy and France.
Garibaldi was a former volunteer in the French Republican Army but also served as dictator of Sicily and one of the unifiers of the boot-shaped country.
The trophy was named in honour of the general on the 200th anniversary of his birth.
Italy have won this just twice out of a possible 16 times.
Auld Alliance Trophy
The Auld Alliance Trophy gets its name from the old treaty between Scotland and France and was created in 2018 to remember the rugby community players who have died in conflict.
The inaugural trophy presentation marked a year since the end of World War I and Scotland have won this trophy on three occasions to France’s two.
Doddie Weir Cup
The Doddie Weir Cup also began in 2018 and helps to raise money for motor neurone disease. Its namesake died late last year from the disease but his foundation continues to raise millions of pounds.
Wales have won this trophy on all but one occasion it has been fought for.
Pressure from fans and the media forced the two nations who fight over this trophy – Scotland and Wales – to donate a six-figure sum after initially stating no gate receipts would go to the foundation.
Scotland and Italy have battled for the Cuttitta Cup since 2022, making it the newest trophy on the Six Nations circuit.
The gong is named in honour of Massimo Cauttitta – a former Italian player and Scottish coach – who died of Covid-19 in 2021.
The two handles represent props – a position Cuttitta played and coached.