In a letter to EU Energy Commissioner Guenther Oettinger, Canadian Natural Resources Minister Joe Oliver also said the European Commission’s Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) potentially violates the EU’s international trade obligations.
“Canada objects to policy measures that ignore evidence-based approaches to meet the stated goal of the FQD, in favour of what appears to be an asymmetrical and arbitrary proposal,” the letter said.
“If unjustified, discriminatory measures to implement the FQD are put in place, Canada will not hesitate to defend its interests.”
The letter is part of a broader push by Canada, the western province of Alberta and the energy industry to sway the EU from labeling the lucrative export as inherently dirty.
The government of Alberta, home to the bulk of Canada’s oil sands, has written to EU experts voicing “grave concerns” that the bloc’s plans to rank unconventional oil as a highly polluting fuel are unfair and a potential threat to trade ties.
EU legal advisers said the proposals can probably be defended if Ottawa challenges the move at the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
Canada exports no oil sands-derived crude to Europe, but industry officials worry the labelling could set a costly precedent for current or potential markets.