IT was Adam Smith, the great economist, who put it best. “There is a great deal of ruin in a nation”, he once explained, seeking to reassure a panicky young interlocutor. Smith’s point was immensely powerful: it is very hard even for the most misguided, most economically illiterate of politicians to destroy a country’s economy. It takes years, a lot of effort and pretty extreme policies to erode a large stock of human and physical capital built up over a long period of time. A few unusually destructive governments have pulled it off, of course, but it takes some doing, especially when an economy reaches a certain critical threshold in terms of GDP, education, infrastructure and large private sector companies. Capitalism is an extraordinarily resilient system.
I always remember Smith’s wise words when I think about France, a country that I love but which has thoroughly lost its way. It remains wealthy but has been in relative decline for years, suffers from horrific levels of unemployment and awful social problems and is now led by a President intent on trying to test Smith’s maxim to destruction. The modest pro-reform polices he outlined yesterday show that he still doesn’t understand how a market economy works. They were a case of too little, too late, and smacked of a bizarre, corporatist belief that the government can somehow strike a deal with the “private sector”, cutting tax in return for the creation of a pre-set number of jobs. Strange.
But the French establishment is rattled. After I wrote a piece in this space last week bemoaning France’s failed socialist experiment, the French embassy penned a 10-point attack on my column on its website. It is an unusual piece of work: one way it seeks to fight back against my arguments on France is by attacking the UK and highlighting some of its own faults.
That misses the point completely: I spend nearly every day pointing out what is wrong in Britain, why our over-regulated and over-taxed economy is under-performing, why we need better policies. This time, my article was on France, not Britain – and France is facing crippling problems which the French government needs to address, rather than spending its time penning lengthy attacks on the writings of independent journalists.
But the embassy’s attack on the UK – including the “ailing” NHS, our road system, and the previous Tory government – triggered a diplomatic row yesterday. The UK government responded angrily, as did many MPs; and the story went around the world and was reported extensively by top media outlets.
So here are some of the facts that the French embassy didn’t mention (see more here). The World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014 ranks France as the 130th worst country (out of just 148) for its regulatory burden. France places just 71st for overall labour market efficiency, 116th for labour market flexibility and 83rd for efficiency of government spending. The IMD’s 2013 World Competitiveness Rankings feature France as one of the biggest fallers since 1997.
The embassy is right that France still boasts Fortune 500 firms – but none of the top 30 have their beginnings in the last 50 years; upstarts simply can’t rise to the top in France, unlike in the US. Productivity is high – but that is a mathematical illusion caused by the fact that low-productivity workers can’t find a job and thus aren’t included in the stats. The French state spends an absurdly high 57 per cent of GDP; its tax and other revenues amount to 52.8 per cent. Unemployment was 10.8 per cent in November (3.193m people).
I want France to succeed, to grow and to prosper, and for its people to find good jobs. I was born and schooled in France and spent the first 17 years of my life there. It is a wonderful country, but one that has been on the wrong path for years. It is in desperate need of a dramatic intellectual U-turn.