The UK has said it will revise sanctions against Russia in light of today's cyber hacking allegations, working alongside other institutions as Nato joined the chorus of voices against Russian military intelligence (GRU).
The statement, made by the UK's Dutch ambassador Peter Wilson on behalf of Europe minister Alan Duncan, said: "We will increase further our understanding of what the GRU is doing, and attempting to do, in our countries."
"Through our institutions, including the EU, we will work with allies to update sanctions regimes to deter and respond to the use of chemical weapons, we will combat hostile activity in cyberspace, and we will punish human rights abuse."
Wilson said Russian intelligence agents had attempted to access computer systems within the UK Foreign Office immediately after the Salisbury attack in March, in which two Russian agents attempted to murder a former spy residing in the UK.
One month later, the GRU targeted computers inside the UK defence department's laboratory as well as inside the UN's Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which at the time were carrying out analyses of the chemical weapons used in the Salisbury attack.
It was at this time Dutch authorities apprehended at least four GRU agents in the process of an attack on the OPCW, who have since been expelled from Dutch soil. Further attempts to infiltrate the OPCW were also made by GRU agents in May.
Nato secretary-general Jens Stoltenberg later echoed the statements, to add: "Russia must stop its reckless pattern of behaviour, including the use of force against its neighbours, attempted interference in election processes, and widespread disinformation campaigns."
"Nato will continue to strengthen its defence and deterrence to deal with hybrid threats, including in the cyber domain."
The comments come after Prime Minister Theresa May, in tandem with Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte, today said UK and Dutch authorities had identified a number of other cyber attacks which came from a network of hackers employed by the GRU.
These included a 2015 theft of email accounts and content from a UK TV station, the 2016 hack on the US Democratic National Committee, and the Bad Rabbit and World Anti-Doping Agency attacks in 2017.