The managers of the £655m Evenlode Income Fund have warned that UK dividends are "likely to fall over the next year or two".
Hugh Yarrow and Ben Peters said that the referendum vote could make it more difficult for UK domestic sectors - such as banks, commercial properties, construction, house builders and retailers - to sustain or grow dividends.
But UK-listed multinationals will benefit from the weaker pound if their dividend payments are made in sterling, they wrote in a report released yesterday.
Some cash-strapped firms are borrowing more to fund dividend payments, they added. However, this is unsustainable and could encourage under-investment which would harm long-term growth.
Similarly, businesses which aren't generating enough cash are more likely to conduct rights issues to fund dividend payments which is "like robbing Peter to pay Peter".
It comes as several large firms have cut or cancelled dividends over the last year or so — due to industry difficulties, large capital investment requirements, poor cash generation and high debt levels.