Chancellor George Osborne was named the fourth most powerful person in the industry.
Bezos' nomination comes just days after Amazon rocked the retail world with its London launch of "Amazon Fresh", a food delivery service integrated into Amazon's general online offering.
The e-commerce giant threatens more traditional supermarkets who have struggled to conquer online food selling, and its site combines both locally sourced products as well as goods stocked in Amazon warehouses.
Chris Brook-Carter, editor-in-chief at Retail Week, said: "Jeff Bezos is the absolute stand out candidate to be recognised as retail's most powerful person for 2016.
"No one has shaped the retail landscape as much as Bezos. Amazon constantly dominates innovation in the industry worldwide, attracting more clicks from shoppers as a result.
"The continued lack of women in our Powerlist reflects the ongoing need to champion diversity on retail boards and amongst the most senior positions in the industry."